The term Surgeon is derived from the Greek word "cheirourgia" that means to work with the hands. Any person who performs surgery on patients is termed as a surgeon. Surgery is in fact the mode of treatment that involves manually or instrumentally cutting a body for investigation or for its repair. This generally involves a physical intervention on tissues. Cutting of a patient's tissues, closure of a previous wound, suturing, stapling, etc. all comes under the surgery category. Surgeries are generally accompanied by an anesthesia, localized spinal anesthesia being the latest most convenient form. Surgeons also diagnose illness and give prescriptions for the treatment. They also conduct examinations, obtain medical histories and perform diagnosis of the illness.
There are many categories to surgery and the classification is based on a number of factors such as urgency, type of procedure, body system involved, how invasive it needs to be and the instruments used. Surgeons India has to be highly trained in all the latest techniques that are being used to carry out these procedures. Surgeries are of different types, some being plastic surgery, cosmetic surgery, orthopedic, neurosurgery, weight loss, podiatry, heart surgery, cancer surgery, urology, ENT surgery, vision related surgery, gastroenterology surgery, obstetrics and gynecology surgery. Any surgeon in India needs to complete his undergraduate degree as well as a doctorate of medicine (MD) or doctorate of osteopathy (DO). After this, they need to complete a 5-year residency program which may be in general surgery, orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, etc. Further specializing requires more training or fellowship.