Types of Orthopaedic Surgery

in Surgery

Orthopaedic surgery is performed to address musculoskeletal conditions like trauma, arthritis, and congenital deformities. There are several types of orthopedic surgeries and each type would have its unique purpose and process. Here are some of the most frequently performed types of orthopedic surgeries today: 

• Total Joint Replacement. This type of surgery is performed on certain parts of a damaged or perhaps, an arthritic joint like a knee joint. On this procedure, the damaged joint is removed and replaced with an artificially designed joint. The artificial joint functions and moves like an undamaged and healthy joint. 

• Total Shoulder Replacement. This type of surgery involves replacing the damaged cartilage and bone with an implant that is made of plastic and metal. This type of surgery is similar to that of the total hip replacement surgery. The purpose of this surgery is to improve the range of motion of the shoulder joint. 

• Total Knee Replacement. This type of surgery is typically performed to those patients with severe arthritis. The process involved in total knee replacement surgery includes replacing the cartilage of the joint on the knee with a metal and plastic implant. There are times wherein the artificial joint is secured in place with the use of bone cement or perhaps any material that will allow growth of bone tissue. 

• Total Hip Replacement. The procedure involved in total hip replacement includes removing the arthritic joint’s ball and socket and inserting a new set of ball and socket to enable movement of the new joint. One can find a lot of options when it comes to implants for total hip replacement. Patients may choose a specific type of material like metal or ceramic and choose how the implant is intended to function. 

• Arthroscopic Surgery. Arthroscopy is considered as a method of viewing as well as performing surgery on the joint with the utilization of an arthroscope. An arthroscope consists of a lens, a tube, and a light source with fiber optics, which help visualize the area subjected to surgery. This type of surgery may be performed on the shoulder, knee, and other parts of the body. The advantage of this type of surgery is that there is a smaller incision made, which can help in quick healing and recovery and introduces lesser trauma to the surrounding tissues. 

• Spine Surgery. Spine surgery is another kind of orthopaedic surgery. Typically, this is performed to improve spine function and to relieve back pain. There are several types of spine surgeries that may be performed depending on the spine condition. The other types of surgeries under spine surgery will include laminectomy, discectomy, and spinal decompression, among others. 

• Rotator Cuff Repair. The rotator cuff is a significant part of the body since this keeps the shoulder secured and helps keeping it mobile. Once the cuff is torn or damaged, this can limit a person’s range of movement, and this can cause severe pain. In most times, these tears or damages on the cuff can be repaired through performing a surgery. The purpose of the surgery is for the relief of pain and improvement in strength as well as function of the shoulder. 



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Diana Chin has 63 articles online and 1 fans

Diana Chin is a physical therapist based in Singapore. She writes on subjects of paediatric orthopaedics and joint complications including those of hand and wrist pain. For further physical evaluations, she suggests consulting your local bone doctor.

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Types of Orthopaedic Surgery

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This article was published on 2013/07/30